Constitutional Provisions

The 1993 Constitution of the Principality of Andorra makes the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights binding on Andorra. Article 8(1) of the Constitution further

recognises the right to life and fully protects it in its different phases.

Article 8(1) of the Constitution provides that:

All persons have the right to physical and moral integrity. No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

The Constitution does not specifically regulate the use of force by the police but it does stipulate that the police services were to be brought "under the exclusive control of the Government within a period of two months following the coming into effect of the Constitution".

Treaty Adherence

Global Treaties

Adherence to Selected Human Rights Treaties

1966 Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)

State Party
ICCPR Optional Protocol 1 State Party
1984 Convention against Torture (CAT) State Party
Competence of CAT Committee to receive individual complaints Yes
CAT Optional Protocol 1 Not party
Adherence to International Criminal Law Treaties

1998 Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court

State Party

Regional Treaties

Adherence to Regional Human Rights Treaties
1950 European Convention on Human Rights State Party

National Legislation

Police Use of Force

The Police Corps of Andorra (El Cos de Policia d’Andorra) is Andorra's national police service. According to Article 110 of the 2005 Penal Code, a state official, including a police officer, who engages in torture commits a criminal offence and is subject to a term of up to six years' imprisonment. Article 112 proscribes degrading treatment by, among others, police officers, which is subject to a term of between three months and three years' imprisonment. Freedom House reported in 2018 that "law enforcement agents are not known to use excessive force against civilians."

Police Oversight

In its 2013 Concluding Observations on Andorra, the Committee against Torture expressed its concern 

at the absence of an independent body to monitor police action and investigate allegations and complaints of ill-treatment by members of the police force....

It called on Andorra to 

establish an independent mechanism to monitor action by the police and investigate allegations and complaints of ill-treatment by members of the police force and ensure that law enforcement officials receive training on the absolute prohibition of torture and ill-treatment.

Caselaw

Global

In its 2013 Concluding Observations on Andorra, the Committee against Torture did not directly address police use of force. 

In its 2015 Universal Periodic Review under the United Nations Human Rights Council, Andorra stated that the Criminal Code provided for relevant judicial procedures in the event of abuse by law enforcement officials, particularly the police. 

Regional

There have been no cases against Andorra before the European Court of Human Rights concerning alleged excessive police use of force.

Downloads

1993 Constitution of the Principality of Andorra

2005 Penal Code of Andorra (French version)

2008 Criminal Procedure Code of Andorra (Catalan original)

Qualified Act on the Police

Committee against Torture Concluding Observations on Andorra (2013)