The 1993 Constitution of the Principality of Andorra makes the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights binding on Andorra. Article 8(1) of the Constitution further
recognises the right to life and fully protects it in its different phases.
Article 8(1) of the Constitution provides that:
All persons have the right to physical and moral integrity. No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
According to Article 16:
The right to meet and assemble for any lawful purpose shall be respected. The exercise of the right of assembly requires that the authorities be notified in advance, and shall not prevent the free movement of goods and persons.
The Constitution does not specifically regulate the use of force by the police but it does stipulate that the police services were to be brought "under the exclusive control of the Government within a period of two months following the coming into effect of the Constitution".
1966 Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
|ICCPR Optional Protocol 1||State Party|
|1984 Convention against Torture (CAT)||State Party|
|Competence of CAT Committee to receive individual complaints||Yes|
|CAT Optional Protocol 1||Not party|
1998 Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court
|1950 European Convention on Human Rights||State Party|
Police Use of Force
The Police Corps of Andorra (El Cos de Policia d’Andorra) is Andorra's national police service. Its use of force is restrained by Law 8/2004 as amended. The law stipulates that use of force must be governed by the principles of necessity and proportionality. Use of firearms and other weapons are restricted to situations where a serious risk to life or physical integrity of themselves or third parties exists, or a serious risk to public safety, and provided that the threat is immediate in nature. A clear warning must be issued before using the weapon or firearm, and sufficient time must be given for this warning to be taken into account.Art. 5, Law 8/2004 as amended.
According to Article 110 of the 2005 Penal Code, a state official, including a police officer, who engages in torture commits a criminal offence and is subject to a term of up to six years' imprisonment. Article 112 proscribes degrading treatment by, among others, police officers, which is subject to a term of between three months and three years' imprisonment. Freedom House reported in 2018 that "law enforcement agents are not known to use excessive force against civilians."
In its 2013 Concluding Observations on Andorra, the Committee against Torture expressed its concern
at the absence of an independent body to monitor police action and investigate allegations and complaints of ill-treatment by members of the police force....
It called on Andorra to
establish an independent mechanism to monitor action by the police and investigate allegations and complaints of ill-treatment by members of the police force and ensure that law enforcement officials receive training on the absolute prohibition of torture and ill-treatment.
In its 2013 Concluding Observations on Andorra, the Committee against Torture did not directly address police use of force.
In its 2015 Universal Periodic Review under the United Nations Human Rights Council, Andorra stated that the Criminal Code provided for relevant judicial procedures in the event of abuse by law enforcement officials, particularly the police.
There have been no cases against Andorra before the European Court of Human Rights concerning alleged excessive police use of force.