Constitutional Provisions

The 2004 Constitution of Qatar does not guarantee the right to life. Article 36 provides that "no person may be subjected to torture, or any degrading treatment; and torture shall be considered a crime punishable by law". 

Article 44 provides that: "The right of the citizens to assemble is guaranteed in accordance with the provisions of the law."

The Constitution does not address the use of force by the police or other law enforcement agencies. Article 121(7) of the Constitution makes the Council of Ministers is responsible for "drawing up the general regulations that adequately ensure the maintenance of internal security and public order in all parts of the State in accordance with the law".  

Treaty Adherence

Global Treaties

Adherence to Selected Human Rights Treaties
1966 Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) State Party
ICCPR Optional Protocol 1 Not party
1984 Convention against Torture (CAT) State Party
Competence of CAT Committee to receive individual complaints No
CAT Optional Protocol 1  Not party
Adherence to International Criminal Law Treaties
1998 Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court Not party

Regional Treaties

Adherence to Regional Human Rights Treaties
2004 Arab Charter of Human Rights State Party

National Legislation

Police Use of Force

The Qatar Police Force is under the Ministry of Interior. 

Law No. 17 of 2002 on the Protection of the Community is said to provide law enforcement officials official exemption from the prohibition of arbitrary arrest and detention.

Law No. 23 of 1993 governs the Police Force. 

Police Oversight

There is no independent civilian police oversight body in Qatar. The National Human Rights Committee can hear complaints from citizens about alleged violation of their rights by the police. 

Caselaw

Global

Views and Concluding Observations of United Nations Treaty Bodies

Qatar has not yet come before the Human Rights Committee. In its 2018 Concluding Observations on Qatar, the Committee against Torture called on Qatar to

Further develop mandatory in-service training programmes to ensure that all public officials, in particular law enforcement officers, military personnel, prison staff and medical personnel employed in prisons, are well acquainted with the provisions of the Convention [against Torture].

Regional

There is not yet an Arab regional human rights court with jurisdiction over Qatar.

Downloads

2004 Constitution of Qatar (English translation)

Law 23 of 1993 on the Police Force

Committee against Torture Concluding Observations on Qatar (2018)